Monday, August 10, 2020

Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) Plan

Introduction of IRBM

Integrated River Basin  Management (IRBM)  concept has been discovered  by JPS more than 10 years ago but application of this IRBM concept is a bit slow  among government agencies. Therefore, the then Prime Minister has directed for establishment of Selangor Waters Management Authority (SWMA) in 1999  in Selangor  State as  a model institution  that will be instrumental  in  integrated management  of river basin  and  water resources. This IRBM concept has later been included in RMK-8 (2001-2005), Third Outline Perspective Plan  (OPP3)  2001-2010  (approved  by Parliament in April 2001) and  the National Spatial Plan.

Overall objective of the project includes aspects of protection , conservation, and integrated river basin management  in Peninsular Malaysia. In order to achieve the said objective, good coordination between federal and agencies in providing technical support for model development  and  river basin management guidelines.  The project document is based on the cooperative program between the Government of Malaysia  and Government  Environmental Assistance Programs Denmark.

 Environmental pollution problem in Malaysia  occurrs substantially in river basin. There are many rivers that have low water quality level and high silt content due to pollution of heavy metal,  toxic waste,  agricultural activity and daily household activity.  Loss of biodiversity  in catchment area by reason of pollution and flood disaster occurring in river basin is due to to land use changes. Besides, water supply shortage problem will happen during dry sesaon.   Cause to this problem is very extensive and complex. Among the main causes are river basin management at present is fragmented into jurisdictions of respective agencies, including the enforcement power.

Therefore, integrated river basin management is essential to establish inter-agency coordination in the management of water resources and environmental.


Summary of IRBM

The Project of Integrated River Basin Management for Selangor River is cooperative project between Malaysia  and Denmark which started from October2002 to October 2006.  The project cost is estimated at RM16 million with 50:50 cost-sharing from both governments. The main objective of the project is  sustainable management  of natural resources through :

  1.  Institutional arrangement
  2. Human resource management
  3. Monitoring and development of information system
  4. Awareness programme and information dissemination
  5. Planning and river basin management
  6. Increase in best practice of environmental management

Project implementation involves three (3) key components :

Federal Component (JPS )

It involves  comparison of different IRBM models which are suitable for application.  It also emphasizes on the development of human resources in collaboration with other agencies.

State Component (SWMA)

It focuses on implemention of IRBM activities within the basin of Selangor River, which is the main source of drinking water supply for Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley area. The project operates from SWMA, but all activities implemented involve other agencies and stakeholders.

Kedah State Component (UPEN)

This project will use Kedah River Basin as a model for the IRBM institutional development at the state level.  The catchment area covers two major irrigation dams and water transfer scheme for irrigation purpose from Muda River  through MADA.  At the moment Kedah have no institution responsible for IRBM project but this project will help to explore various options for institutional arrangement to support integrated river basin management.


IRBM Activities

  1. The 'Visit to Sabah for Exchange of Ideas from Project Group, IRBM for Peninsular Malaysia' at Hyatt Regency, Kota Kinabalu organized by DANIDA (17 -18 November 2002).

  2. Establishment of the Working Group on October 1, 2003, comprising of 7 Working Groups to prepare IRBM Action Plan for Selangor River.  Members of the working group comprise from various government agencies, NGO and stakeholders. The 7 Working Groups are:Study Tour on Water Waste Demonstration Project "around Kuching (17-18 May 2004)

    1. IRBM Working Group
    2. Working Group on Water Quality
    3. Working Group on Water Resource
    4. Sand Mining Working Group
    5. Fisheries Working Group
    6. Working Group on Land-use
    7. Working Group on Animal Husbandry
  3. Technical Visit to Denmark for IRBM project implementation officers from the agencies involved. (7-17 June 2004)

  4. Technical Visit to Denmark for policy makers from the agencies involved. (August 2004)

  5. The proposed implementation of demonstration projects in Selangor River Basin. Two(2) projects have been selected: -

      1.  Imhoff Tank Upgrade Project at Taman Rawang Jaya from 660 PE to 750 PE (Standard A discharge ).
      2. Management of Waste Water from Bukit Sentosa Wet Market, Rawang.
  6. Training Program – Water Quality and Quantity for the management & professional and support staff to provide exposure on the importance of IRBM.  This course is conducted under the Federal Component.

  7. Distribution of fireflies posters in all the State agencies as the Environmental Awareness Programme.

  8. Course on the Use of Bio Indicators for River Water Quality in Hotel Seri Malaysia, Penang (2-3 February 2005)

  9. Working Paper Presentation on 'IRBM Demonstration Project – Selangor Component - Sentosa Market Waste Water' at the Seminar on River Water Quality, Kedah River Basin'Wastewater from Wet Market, Restaurants and Stalls' organized by IRBM Water Quality Committee Kedah River Basin at City Bayview Hotel, Langkawi. (29 March 2005)

  10.  ‘Kedah River Basin Integrated Management - Wworkshop on Policy-Making on Extraction of Sand, Kedah State’, at Heritage Hotel, Cameron Highland organized by Kedah DID (2-3 August 2005)

  11.  Circulation 'Newsletter - IRBM updates' Edition I, II and II.


IRBM Publication

IRBM Updates

September 2003 - The Need for IRBM in Malaysia

March 2004 - The Way Forward

December 2004 - Keeping the Firefiles Flashing

Fireflies Poster

Report and Studies

  1. Feasibility study of charging schemes for LUAS.Charging for water: the case of Denmark.

  2. Training need analysis for IRBM , draft training plan and outline of IRBM courses.

  3. Development of a GIS for IRBM in Selangor.

  4. Review of the LUAS GIS implementation for IRBM in Selangor.

  5. Environmental Monitoring strategy for IRBM in Selangor.

  6. Notes on environmental issues in pig farming.

  7. Groundwater resources in the Sg. Selangor basin and management recommendations.

  8. The water quality of Sg. Air Hitam and its impact on Sg. Selangor.

  9. Analysis of flow data from Batang Berjuntai and water quality data from Kg. Kuantan.

  10. Animal husbandry waste management in the Sg. Selangor basin.

  11. Environmental assessment of animal husbandry in the Sg. Selangor basin.

  12. Water resources study of the Sg. Selangor basin – Draf.

  13. Water quality study of the Sg. Selangor basin – On-going.

  14. Land-use planning in relation to IRBM in the Sg. Selangor basin - Draf.

  15. Freshwater aquaculture in the Sg. Selangor basin – Draf.

  16. Identification of demonstration projects in Selangor: Summary Report.

  17. Identification of demonstration projects in Selangor: Bukit Sentosa.

  18. Identification of demonstration projects in Selangor: Taman Rawang Jaya Sewerage Treatment Plant.

  19. Wastewater characterization study report for Bukit Sentosa Demonstration Project.


Last Update on : Wednesday, 11 January 2017 11:26